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Excess calories from foods and drinks high in complimentary sugars also add to unhealthy weight gain, which can lead to overweight and weight problems. Current evidence also shows that free sugars influence blood pressure and serum lipids, and suggests that a decrease in free sugars intake minimizes risk elements for heart diseases (13 ).
e. all kinds of drinks containing totally free sugars these consist of carbonated or noncarbonated sodas, fruit or veggie juices and drinks, liquid and powder concentrates, flavoured water, energy and sports drinks, readytodrink tea, readytodrink coffee and flavoured milk drinks); andeating fresh fruit and raw vegetables as snacks instead of sweet treats.
These factors include income, food costs (which will affect the availability and price of healthy foods), private choices and beliefs, cultural customs, and geographical and ecological elements (including environment modification). For that reason, promoting a healthy food environment including food systems that promote a varied, balanced and healthy diet plan requires the participation of several sectors and stakeholders, consisting of government, and the public and economic sectors.
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Effective actions by policy-makers to create a healthy food environment consist of the following: Creating coherence in national policies and financial investment strategies consisting of trade, food and agricultural policies to promote a healthy diet and protect public health through: increasing rewards for manufacturers and retailers to grow, use and offer fresh vegetables and fruit; decreasing rewards for the food market to continue or increase production of processed foods including high levels of hydrogenated fats, trans-fats, totally free sugars and salt/sodium; encouraging reformulation of foodstuff to reduce the contents of saturated fats, trans-fats, free sugars and salt/sodium, with the goal of removing industrially-produced trans-fats; implementing the WHO recommendations on the marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to children; establishing standards to promote healthy dietary practices through guaranteeing the accessibility of healthy, nutritious, safe and budget-friendly foods in pre-schools, schools, other public institutions and the office; checking out regulative and voluntary instruments (e.
marketing policies and nutrition labelling policies), and financial rewards or disincentives (e. g. tax and aids) to promote a healthy diet; andencouraging multinational, national and local food services and catering outlets to improve the nutritional quality of their foods ensuring the accessibility and price of healthy choices and examine portion sizes and prices.