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Excess calories from foods and beverages high in totally free sugars also add to unhealthy weight gain, which can lead to obese and weight problems. Recent evidence likewise reveals that complimentary sugars affect high blood pressure and serum lipids, and suggests that a decrease in complimentary sugars consumption lowers danger factors for cardiovascular diseases (13 ).
e. all kinds of beverages including totally free sugars these consist of carbonated or noncarbonated soft beverages, fruit or vegetable juices and drinks, liquid and powder focuses, flavoured water, energy and sports drinks, readytodrink tea, readytodrink coffee and flavoured milk beverages); andeating fresh fruit and raw vegetables as snacks instead of sugary snacks.
These aspects include income, food prices (which will affect the accessibility and price of healthy foods), specific preferences and beliefs, cultural customs, and geographical and environmental aspects (including environment change). For that reason, promoting a healthy food environment including food systems that promote a varied, balanced and healthy diet needs the participation of multiple sectors and stakeholders, consisting of government, and the public and private sectors.
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Effective actions by policy-makers to develop a healthy food environment consist of the following: Creating coherence in nationwide policies and financial investment plans including trade, food and farming policies to promote a healthy diet and secure public health through: increasing rewards for producers and retailers to grow, utilize and sell fresh fruit and veggies; decreasing rewards for the food market to continue or increase production of processed foods consisting of high levels of hydrogenated fats, trans-fats, totally free sugars and salt/sodium; motivating reformulation of food products to decrease the contents of saturated fats, trans-fats, free sugars and salt/sodium, with the objective of eliminating industrially-produced trans-fats; executing the WHO suggestions on the marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to children; developing standards to promote healthy dietary practices through making sure the schedule of healthy, healthy, safe and cost effective foods in pre-schools, schools, other public organizations and the office; checking out regulatory and voluntary instruments (e.
marketing guidelines and nutrition labelling policies), and economic incentives or disincentives (e. g. taxation and aids) to promote a healthy diet; andencouraging transnational, national and local food services and catering outlets to improve the dietary quality of their foods making sure the availability and affordability of healthy options and review part sizes and rates.